A fermented drink made with honey and water, is the oldest, predating wine and precursor to beer
Mead, a fermented drink made with honey and water, is the oldest, predating wine and precursor to beer. Its use was widespread among the peoples of antiquity. In Europe it was widely consumed by the Greeks, Celts, Saxons and the barbarians of the north. The Greeks called it melikraton and the Latinos called it mulsum water.
Mead: A Forgotten History
At the time when mead fortified Erik the Red, conqueror of Greenland, and his companions running against the rigors of the North Atlantic, back in the eleventh century, the art of winemaking began to expand from the Mediterranean Sea to the 50th latitude north. This caused the wine to displace the mead as a popular source of alcohol and from then on its consumption gradually declined.